Health

Bone Grafting: A Key Component in Dental Restoration and Implant Surgery

The dentist in Maryville, TN, and their skilled team of specialists offer bone grafting procedures to revitalize your jawbone in the most effective and simplest way possible. But what is bone grafting, and why do you need it?

Your teeth are surrounded by bone, known as the alveolar bone, that holds them firmly in place, providing support and stabilization. However, gum diseases, tooth extraction, and trauma can compromise the height, shape, and density of the alveolar bone. Bone grafting is done to help restore the lost bone structure. 

What is dental bone grafting?

Bone grafting is a surgical procedure that involves building up volume and density in your jaw where bone loss has occurred.  A bone graft is a material that helps to strengthen the debilitated or lost alveolar bone. It effectively counteracts the natural jawbone resorption post-tooth extraction, thereby preserving both your facial profile and overall oral function. 

What are the types of bone grafts?

There are several types of bone grafts available, and your dentist can help determine which suits you best.

  • Autogenous bone graft: This is harvested from your own body and produces the most favorable results. 
  • Allograft bone graft: This is extracted from a donor (cadaver) or fabricated (synthetic).
  • Xenograft: Cow bone is used in this type of graft.

When is bone grafting indicated?

The success of the implant often depends on the height, width, and depth of the jawbone.  When there is a significant bone loss in your jaw it may not be able to support and stabilize the tooth. Any damage or receding of the jawbone results in an unstable foundation for dental implants. Thus, bone grafting is usually indicated before the placement of a dental implant.

How is bone grafting performed?

Here is a comprehensive guide to bone grafting in dentistry: 

  • Local anesthesia will be administered to numb the area of the bone defect. 
  • Your dentist will begin with a small cut or incision in the gums to raise the flap and expose the bone.
  • An appropriate bone graft will be placed between two sections of the bone that need to grow together. 
  • The bone graft will be secured using special screws or adhesive material. 
  • A synthetic membrane may be used to cover the new bone.
  • The incision will be closed by suturing the tissues. 
  • You will be provided with comprehensive post-procedure instructions for proper healing.
  • Your dentist will prescribe medications to help manage infection, discomfort, and swelling.

Bone grafting can significantly stimulate your jawbone to provide adequate support and anchorage for dental restorations like implants or dentures. This can greatly regain your oral function and appearance, thereby boosting your lost confidence. Consult your dentist to discuss the pros of bone grafting before opting for implants! 

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